In the most general household economics framework, parents care about their own consumption and that of their children and decide to send their children to work if the household needs the additional income that working children can provide in economic terms, the household cannot afford to have its children consume leisure by not working.
Only recently has the focus shifted from the study of the economic consequences of immigration for receiving countries to the important role of emigration in the economic growth and development of origin countries. Cons Migration of some family members withdraws human capital and labor from the sending household, a loss that may be compensated for by increasing child labor in the home and in the labor market.
It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about. Because children typically supply unskilled labor and child labor is most common in countries abundant in unskilled workers, the degree to which emigration directly affects the wages of children depends on the relative skill mix of emigrants compared with stayers .
Accordingly, the forgone labor supply and care due to emigration may increase the employment of children in the household or in the labor market. Emigrants, especially those migrating from poor to rich countries, enjoy large income gains, and family members at home often share in these gains through remittances.
A seminal model which examined the relationship between child labor and poverty showed that when wages are high, parents are able to keep their children in school and out of the labor market; but when wages are low and families are poor, parents send their children to work, thereby generating a vicious circle of underinvestment in education, a low-skilled labor force, and child labor .
Several policy implications arise from studying these effects. Relevant links.
Therefore, if emigrants are relatively low-skilled, their departure will increase the wages of unskilled workers, including adults parents and children, thereby altering the incidence of child labor through either the income or the substitution effect described above.