# Project profitability index

Because companies usually have limited financial resources or must maximize profits for shareholders, they often invest in only the most profitable projects. If the result is greater than 1.

## Profitability index advantages and disadvantages

In layman's terms, it is an indication of the costs and benefits to a business firm if they invest in a particular capital project. Profitability index is also called the benefit-cost ratio for this reason. If you find that the PI of all other projects to be negative, then consider investing in this project. Is it a good project to invest into in the first place? Money received closer to the present time is considered to have more value than money received further in the future. The present value of future cash flows is a method of discounting future cash to its current value, and it requires the implementation of the time value of money calculation. But the company also needs to consider other projects where the PI may be more than 1. The initial investment is the cash flow required at the start of the project. So, we can find out the present value of future cash flows in two ways. Calculate Profitability Index to prove that. Firstly, we can compute by adding up all the present values of future cash flows and secondly, the relatively easier way is to find out the discounted cash flow each year. The first is the estimation of future cash flows. Although some projects result in a higher net present value , those projects may be passed over because they do not have the highest profitability index and do not represent the most beneficial usage of company assets. In the example section, we will see examples of NPV so that you can understand how to calculate it. It's important to note that one problem with using the profitability index is that it does not allow a business owner to consider the size of the project.

So, we can find out the present value of future cash flows in two ways. When using the profitability index exclusively, calculations greater than 1. Obviously, the time the project will require and the time to profitability are also concerns.

## Project profitability index

Because companies usually have limited financial resources or must maximize profits for shareholders, they often invest in only the most profitable projects. If there are a number of possible investment projects available, the company can use the profitability index to rank those projects from high to low and decide which offers the greatest benefit. In that case, the company should invest into a project that has more PI than this particular project. A profitability index of 1 indicates breakeven, which is seen as an indifferent result. By Rosemary Peavler Updated January 14, The profitability index PI , also known as the profit investment ratio PIR and value investment ratio VIR , is a capital budgeting tool that measures the profitability of an investment or project. These additional capital outlays may factor in benefits relating to taxation or depreciation. If you find that the PI of all other projects to be negative, then consider investing in this project. We simply took separate present values of future cash flows. Why bother to invest at all? If the result is less than 1.

But the company also needs to consider other projects where the PI may be more than 1. Is it a good project to invest into in the first place?

In the example section, we will see examples of NPV so that you can understand how to calculate it. Calculating and Interpreting the Profitability Index Profitability index calculations cannot be negative and must be converted to a positive figure before they are useful.

Rather, we can say that the usefulness of PI is in its interpretation.

To say it in a different manner, you are investing your money into a project because you find it more profitable than any other project at this moment. By Rosemary Peavler Updated January 14, The profitability index PIalso known as the profit investment ratio PIR and value investment ratio VIRis a capital budgeting tool that measures the profitability of an investment or project.

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