The world health organization essay example

Short essay on world health day

Instead of the traditional "from-the-top-down" approach to medical service, it embraced the principles of social justice, equity, self-reliance, appropriate technology, decentralization, community involvement, intersectoral collaboration, and affordable cost. Seventy percent of the poor are women. The World Health Organization not only looks at health concerns, but has plans to address environmental, sanitation, sustainable energy, safe work environments, climate change and environmental pollution World Health Organization, The principles of PHC, however, were found to be the only viable option even in the most difficult circumstances, with some adjustment of the approaches and strategies necessary in country-specific situations. Researching on particular population can result in interventions that are specialized to certain…. The first international consultation on this subject was held in Ottawa in , followed by consultations in Adelaide in , Sundsvall in , and Jakarta in The situation in West Africa was considered very serious. Recent themes have been vector-borne diseases , healthy ageing and drug resistance WHO operations are carried out by three distinct components: the World Health Assembly, the executive board, and the secretariat.

The goal of Health for All HFAadopted by member states at the World Health Assembly, called for the attainment by all people of the world of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life.

The executive board, composed of thirty-two individuals chosen on the basis of their scientific and professional qualifications, meets between the assembly sessions. WHO has also launched a series of initiatives, including programs to roll back malaria, stop the spread of tuberculosis, fight the AIDS pandemic, and curtail tobacco use.

In the draft, the World Health Organization outlines its commitment to ending the AIDS epidemic by the year [78] with interim targets for the year Byappropriate global and national health information, surveillance, and alert systems will be operational; research policies and institutional mechanisms will be operational at global, regional, and country levels; and all people will have access throughout their lives to comprehensive, essential, quality health care, supported by essential public health functions.

To explore Primary Health Care and Health Promotion and its value within the health care system, one must first distinguish what health is. Over 13, cases have been reported.

Role of world health organisation essay

Efforts to improve maternal and child health services included the training of traditional birth attendants—an approach advocated by UNICEF, WHO's close partner in all child-health projects—to reduce infant and maternal deaths. Andrija Stampar was the Assembly's first president, and G. However, the principal way to fight AIDS is still prevention through education and behavioral change, as work towards an effective vaccine is making very slow progress. Bull World Health Organ 88 11 ; pp. This is what families in Africa, Asia, and parts of Europe are experiencing. In the s and early s, community health workers and traditional birth attendants were grudgingly accepted by many, though only as second-class health care providers, and they were scorned by others, especially by some traditionally trained allopathic medical practitioners. In May Other Popular Essays. It aims at social justice, with health resources evenly distributed and essential health service accessible to everyone, with full community involvement. It actually specifies the tasks involved in a given job as well as the factors that affect the presentation of that job. Also, insurance plans for women are required to offer coverage for maternity and newborn care, mental health services, and pediatric services. Brock Chisholm, a psychiatrist from Canada , was the first. In addition to the two clusters on management and governing bodies, the program clusters are: communicable diseases , noncommunicable diseases, sustainable development and health environments, family and community health, evidence and information for policy, health technology and pharmaceuticals, and social change and mental health.

WHO maintains a network of collaborating centers, which engage in work in various specific fields. In leaps and bounds, technology has brought everyone on earth closer, creating a global village, where you can speak to someone through a computer, instantaneously, as if you were face to face with them.

short essay on world health organisation

The secretariat is headed by the director general, who is elected by the assembly upon the nomination of the board. Excessive consumption and pollution practices have produced profound climatic changes that impact on the environment and the health of human beings.

Many of the resources are assigned to the regional centers, which better reflect regional interests.

World health care organization essay

HFA was conceived as a process leading to progressive improvement in the health of people and not as a single finite target, though some indicators were recommended. Each World Health Day is devoted to a particular theme, and material is made available for member states to commemorate the day with a program focus. The Alma-Ata Declaration on PHC envisaged a minimum package of eight elements: 1 education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them; 2 promotion of food supply and proper nutrition; 3 an adequate supply of safe water and basic sanitation; 4 maternal and child health, including family planning; 5 immunization against the major infectious diseases; 6 prevention and control of locally endemic diseases; 7 appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries; and 8 provision of essential drugs. Researching on particular population can result in interventions that are specialized to certain…. Siddique, C. Women often face health care inequalities because of their needs surrounding sexual and reproductive care, which has shown to be costly when the appropriate precautions are taken. Over 13, cases have been reported. Natural disasters also intervened. A recognizable decrease in its incidence was not seen until the 19th century when vaccination became a universal practice Wikipedia, Public health is concerned with a group of people rather than a one to one. There is still hope, however, for the elimination of polio and guinea worms, as well as the virtual elimination of iodine deficiency disorders. WHO has played a very pivotal role in setting health policies, as well as providing technical cooperation to its member states.
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World Health Organization